Gyumri is the second largest city in Armenia, after the capital. There are various interesting sights in the city and its surroundings. Here you can visit the art gallery, local history museum or historical and cultural reserve. There are five different churches in Gyumri and in its surroundings, the ancient Marmarashen monastery and the Orthodox chapel. One of the symbolic and recognizable sights of the city is a monument to the legendary commander Vardan Mamikonyan, who was considered the defender of Armenia and the Christian faith and was ranked among the saints. Another iconic historical monument of Gyumri is the Alexandropol Fortress. The fortress was a military defensive object and played the role of protecting Russian territories from Persian or Turkish invasions. Gyumri is considered the “capital of art” in Armenia, as well as an important cultural center. The city is also usually called the “capital of humor”, as many prominent Armenian artists and comedians come from here.
The well-established transport infrastructure of Armenia allows to get to Gyumri by a private car or with the help of various travel companies which offer regular excursions and tours to different sights of the country. Due to the geographical location of Gyumri the trip will not seem long.
The high season in Armenia lasts for a long time due to the pleasant climate conditions. Warm days in Armenia start in March and last until late autumn; winter is usually snowless and not long. The high precipitation season is variable. The tourist season for Gyumri depends on the weather conditions.
The first settlements discovered by the archaeologists in the territory of modern Gyumri belong to the Bronze Age. The city was called Kumayri, and later the name was transformed into Gyumri. The city was called Alexandropol in the period from 1837 to 1924, later it was renamed to Leninakan in the Soviet times. The name Gyumri was returned to the city in the post-Soviet period.
The Treaty of Alexandropol was signed in Gyumri on December 2, 1920.
The first musical school and theater were founded in Gyumri; the first opera was performed here. Charles Aznavour, Martiros Saryan, Aram Khachatryan and others are among Honorable citizens of Gyumri.
Mary Amp 1253