Karahunj/Carahunge also called Zorats Karer is a prehistoric archaeological site located near Sisian city in Syunik Province of Armenia. It is also often referred as the “Armenian Stonehenge”. Carahunge monument consists of vertically standing stones. In total, 223 stones have been identified. The heights of the stones range from 0.5 to 3 m and they weigh up to 10 tons. They are basalt stones, eroded by time and covered with moss and lichen of many colours. There are holes in some stones. The inner surface of the holes is much better preserved. There are also many broken and unnumbered stones.
The well-established transport infrastructure of Armenia allows to get to Karahunj by a private car or with the help of various travel companies which offer regular excursions and tours to different sights of the country. Due to the geographical location of Karahunj the trip will not seem long.
The high season in Armenia lasts for a long time due to the pleasant climate conditions. Warm days in Armenia start in March and last until late autumn; winter is usually snowless and not long. The high precipitation season is variable. The tourist season for Karahunj depends on the weather conditions.
The site was officially named Karahunj (Carahunge) Observatory, by parliamentary decision on July 29, 2004.
There are many versions concerning the age of Karahunj. Until now, academician Paris Heruni conducted the most profound study of the age of the monument. He carefully studied his astronomical, physical and mathematical calculations, arguing that Karahunj was built over 7500 years ago. The central part of the monument consists of 40 stones. It has an oval shape, a slightly sharp part is directed to the west. There is a pile of ruins in the center of the monument, where, probably, was located a religious temple. It is interesting that Garni temple has the same proportions.
Karahunj consists of several groups of structures and individual stones, which form a megalithic monument. The complex consists of the following groups: the central area, the northern and southern wings, the northeasterly stone path, the intersection of the area, and individual stones. Many Karahunj stones have holes that are unique in ancient monuments. It is believed, that the holes in these giant stones provide an accurate orientation.
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